Sociology Careers and salaries
Sociologists often perform independent research on social behavior.
Sociologists study society and social behavior by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that people develop.
Most sociologists work in research organizations, colleges and universities, state and local government, and consulting service firms. They typically work full time during regular business hours.
Most sociology jobs require a master’s degree or Ph.D. Many bachelor’s degree holders will find positions in related fields, such as social services, education, or public policy.
The median annual wage for sociologists was $74, 960 in May 2012.
Employment of sociologists is projected to grow 15 percent from 2012 to 2022, faster than the average for all occupations. However, because it is a small occupation, the fast growth will result in only about 400 new jobs over the 10-year period. As a result, candidates should expect very strong competition for jobs.
Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of sociologists with similar occupations.
Learn more about sociologists by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations.
Some sociologists conduct interviews for their research.
Sociologists typically do the following:
- Design research projects to test theories about social issues
- Collect data through surveys, observations, interviews, and other sources
- Analyze and draw conclusions from data
- Prepare reports, articles, or presentations detailing their research findings
- Collaborate with other sociologists or social scientists
- Consult with and advise clients, policymakers, or other groups on research findings and sociological issues
Sociologists study human behavior, interaction, and organization within the context of larger social, political, and economic forces. They observe the activity of social, religious, political, and economic groups, organizations, and institutions. They examine the effect of social influences, including organizations and institutions, on different individuals and groups. They also trace the origin and growth of these groups and interactions.
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